Human rights are entitlements held by all people. They are universal, which means that they apply equally to everyone around the world.
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights states that all human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights that everyone is entitled to all rights and freedom without being discriminated.
Human rights help us to respect each other and live with each other. In other words, they are not only rights to be requested or demanded but rights to be respected and be responsible for.
Rights can be divided into four kinds:
1. Social rights- Improve the well-being and standard of living of all members of society. They give people security as they live together in families, schools and communities. E.g. (United Nations human rights treaties) The right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health. The right to adequate housing, food and sanitation and the right to inclusive and accessible education.
2. Economic rights – Deal with income-generating activities or income support that allows people to have the necessities of life. E.g. (United Nations human rights treaties) The right to own property, the right to social security, the right to earn a living from work that is freely chosen, the right to equal pay for equal work and the right to access technical and vocational training programmes.
3. Cultural rights – Deal with the protection, development and enjoying one’s cultural identity. E.g. (United Nations human rights treaties) The right to participate in mainstream culture, arts, recreation, leisure and sport. The right to create unique disability culture, the right to cultural materials in accessible formats and the right to access places of cultural performances.
4. Civil and political rights – Allow people to have equal citizenship. E.g. (United Nations human rights treaties) The right of life, liberty, and security of person. The right to freedom of opinion, the right to protection from torture and violence. The right to vote and be voted for into office.
Disability rights are not a separate or a new category of human rights. Disability rights include the full range of human rights applied to situations faced by persons with disabilities. Up to now human rights have not been complemented in ways that reflect the experiences of persons with disabilities. It is hoped that this situation will be improved with the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD).
The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities was adopted by the UN General Assembly in 2006 and came into force in May, 2008. Once the country ratifies the CRPD, it has a legal duty to do what it says. The CRPD does not create new rights for persons with disabilities. Instead, it explains what existing civil, cultural, economical, political and social rights means in situations faced by persons with disabilities.
People with disabilities have the same human rights as all members of the community. Aim to promote equal rights, opportunities and access for people with disabilities and also to assist Organisations and individuals to understand their rights and responsibilities especially when they are working with people.